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European Silver Fir Tree Seeds - 20 Count


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European Silver Fir Tree Seeds
Abies alba

European Fir, Silver Fir, Belarus Fir, Black Forest Fir, Swiss Pine

Description : The largest conifer of Europe. The Silver Fir appears to have a silvery color when seen from below. Large evergreen coniferous tree. Bark light grey to reddish grey with age, thin, furrowed, scaly plates, covered with resin blisters. Needles flattened, 2-4.5 cm. long and 2 mm. wide by 0.5 mm thick, matt dark green above, and with two white bands of stomata below, slightly notched at the tip. Needles spiral on shoot, each variably twisted at the base. Shoots orange-red. Cones 9–17 cm. long and 4–6 cm. broad, dark purple before maturity; scale bracts short, hidden in the closed cone. Winged seeds released as cones disintegrate.
USDA Zones : Zones 5b – 8b.
Elevation : 9000 feet
Height : 175 – 200 ft, with specimens to 250’
Width : 30 – 50 feet
Growth Rate: Slow to medium initially, then accelerate after the first 3 years.
Trunk : Long clear bole surmounted by a pyramidal crown that becomes flat-topped with age.
Bark : Smooth, gray, scaly.
Branches : Grooved, pale brown or dull gray with a blackish pubescence.
Origin : Native to the mountains of central and southern Europe and Germany's Black Forest. Additionally; France; Italy; Switzerland; Germany; Austria; Bulgaria; Ukraine: Karpaty Mts.; Byelorussia; at 300-1950 m.
Leaves: Shade foliage 2-ranked, spreading horizontally; foliage in sun more or less erect. Needle base twisted, apex notched or rounded; 15-30 × 1.5-2 mm; upper surface dark shiny green and grooved, usually lacking stomata; lower surface glaucous to whitish-green, keeled, with stomata in 5-8 ranks. Buds pale brown to reddish-brown, ovoid with an obtuse apex, sometimes resinous, diameter 8-11 mm, slightly pubescent.
Cones Cylindrical, attenuate at the ends, 10-16 × 3-5 cm, green when young, turning red-brown; cone scales spathulate, finely pubescent with exserted, reflexed bracts extending about 2/3 the length of the scale.
Seeds: Obovoid, reddish, winged, up to 2.5 cm long.
Sun: Shelters, sunny position.
Soil: Loamy, clayey, or sandy soil. E. Silver Fir tolerates wet feet very well.
Propagation : Via seed or layering in its natural habitat. Sow early February in a greenhouse or outdoors in March. Germination usually takes about 6 - 8 weeks. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, preferably between 10 inches and 15 inches in height. The seed remains viable for up to 7 years if it is well stored.
Discussion : Unlike most species of conifers, this tree can be coppiced and will regenerate from the stump. It has been planted as a timber tree in Northern and Western Europe.

  • Model: FIR-EUR-SILVER-20
  • Shipping Weight: 0.1lbs
  • 957 Units in Stock
  • Manufactured by: Various Sources

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This product was added to our catalog on Tuesday 17 November, 2015.

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