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American Purple Beech Tree Seeds - 15 Count


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Purple Beech
Fagus grandifolia Atropurpurea
Purple Leaf Beech, European Purple Beech

Description: Large tree with rounded crown of many long, spreading and horizontal branches, producing edible beechnuts.
Height: 60 to 80 foot (18 to 24 meters).
Diameter: 1 to 2 1/2 inches (0.3 to 0.8 meters).
Leaves: Spreading in 2 rows; 2 1/2 to 5 inches (6 to 13 centimeters) long, 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.5 centimeters) wide. Elliptical or ovate, long to pointed at tip; with many straight parallel slightly sunken side veins and coarsely saw to toothed edges; short to stalked. Dull dark blue to green above, light green beneath, becoming hairless or nearly so; turning yellow and brown in fall.
Bark: Light gray; smooth, thin.
Twigs: Slender, ending in long narrow scaly buds, with short side twigs or spurs.
Flowers: With new leaves in spring. Male flowers small, yellowish with many stamens, crowded in ball 3/4 to 1 inches (2 to 2.5 centimeters) in diameter, hanging on slender hairy stalk to 2 inches (5 centimeters). Female flowers about 1/4 inches (6 millimeters) long, bordered by narrow hairy reddish scales, 2 at end of short stalk.
Fruit: 1/2 to 3/4 inches (12 to 19 millimeters) long; short to stalked light brown prickly burs; maturing in autumn and splitting into 4 parts. Usually 2 nuts, about 5/8 inches (15 millimeters) long, 3 to angled, shiny brown, known as beechnuts.
Habitat Moist rich soils of uplands and well to drained lowlands; often in pure stands.
Range: S. Ontario, east to Cape Breton Island, south to N. Florida, west to E. Texas and north to N. Michigan; a variety in mountains of NE. Mexico; to 3000 foot (914 meters) in north and to 6000 foot (1829 meters) in southern Appalachians.
Discussion: Purple Leaf Beech was recognized by the colonists, who already knew the famous, closely related European Beech. Purple Leaf Beech is a handsome shade tree and bears similar edible beechnuts, which are consumed in quantities by wildlife, especially squirrels, raccoons, bears, other mammals, and game birds. Unlike most trees, beeches retain smooth bark in age. The trunks are favorites for carving and preserve initials and dates indefinitely.
Of all our deciduous trees, the Purple Leaf Beech has the most easily recognizable bark: it is pale gray and smooth. The dried leaves sometimes remain on the branches of young trees all winter. Since bears like to eat beech seeds, called beechnuts, claw marks can sometimes be seen on a trunk where a bear has climbed to the top of the tree.
Beeches grow in rich, well to drained soil on bottomlands and slopes. This tree sometimes forms pure stands, but is generally associated with sugar maple, yellow birch and hemlock.
The color of its wood goes from white to reddish brown. Numerous rays give it a mottled appearance. It is heavy, hard and very strong. It is used to manufacture flooring and furniture, as well as handles for tools and kitchen utensils.


  • Shipping Weight: 0.1lbs
  • 0 Units in Stock
  • Manufactured by: Private Grower

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This product was added to our catalog on Friday 15 April, 2016.

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